News

Egyptian Cotton Loses its Prominence, Even for Local Manufacturers – US Report

Egyptian Cotton Loses its Prominence, Even for Local Manufacturers – US Report

Egyptian+Cotton+Field

Despite the global popularity of Egyptian cotton by virtue of the country’s long history in growing the crop, some local textile manufacturers have chosen to rely on U.S. cotton instead.

A report published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) highlights that U.S. exports of lint cotton to Egypt increased by 30 percent or USD 12.282 million to reach USD 40 million in the past year compared to USD 27,733 million in 2014.

The FAS had previously warned of the deteriorating quality of Egyptian cotton, which it attributed to the mixing of extra-long staple cotton like Giza 86 and Giza 88 with medium-staple types like Giza 90 when growing the crops.

Although Egyptian law prohibits growing the wrong types of cotton in particular agricultural lands, the FAS pointed that the security fallout that followed the January 2011 uprising has led to a lack of implementation.

Egypt’s agriculture ministry is responsible for the organisation of cotton production, allocating the production of short- and medium-staple cotton in Upper Egypt while the long-staple types are concentrated in the Delta region.

Cotton production in Egypt is made up of about 90 percent extra-long and long-staple cotton, while 10 percent are short and medium staple varieties, another U.S. report stated.

According to the FAS, some manufacturers chose U.S. Pima cotton as a better alternative to Egyptian cotton due to its higher quality.

“Although the prices of U.S. Pima cotton are higher than Egyptian extra-long staple cotton, the deterioration of the Egyptian extra-long staple cotton forced local spinners to rely on Pima cotton to produce high quality yarn,” the report read.

According to the report, Egyptian extra-long staple cotton was sold to spinners at EGP 891/ qintar (USD 100.6/ qintar) while imported U.S. Pima cotton was sold at EGP 1400-1698/ qintar (USD 158-192/ qintar) during the last quarter of 2015.

Last week, a scandal involving the alleged sale of falsely labeled Egyptian cotton products by an Indian textile manufacturer to U.S. big box retailers sparked concern regarding the shortage of cotton from Egypt.

The decline in production of Egyptian cotton has been exacerbated in recent years after the government removed cash subsidies, and many farmers replaced cotton acreage with rice, according to the report.

The recent scandal could make U.S. retailers wary of dealing with products labeled Egyptian cotton, “potentially providing a boon to growers of U.S. Pima cotton in places like California and Arizona,” according to a Reuters report.

Egypt is famous for its extra-long and long-staple cotton, which are highly praised as the longer length of cotton fiber results in finer fabric. However, the extra-long and long-staple cotton are unsuitable for many textile operations as these rely on short- and medium-staple varieties.

This content is from Aswat Masriya

Egypt's President Sisi Arrives in India Ahead of G-20 Summit
Poverty Rate in Egypt Rises to 27.8%, Says Planning Minister

Subscribe to our newsletter


News
@AswatMasriya_En

Aswat Masriya is a Thomson Reuters Foundation-sponsored website that covers Egypt's transition to democracy. en.aswatmasriya.com

More in News

Egypt's Karim Abdel Gawad and France's Camille Serme

Egypt’s Karim Abdel Gawad Wins Tournament of Champions in New York

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 21, 2017
22.jpg.crop_display

Cairo Court Lists Egyptian Football Legend Aboutreika on Terror List

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 19, 2017
32385636795_e6f5d7101d_z

Egypt Secure Spot in Knockout Stage at 2017 Handball World Championship

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 19, 2017
1073779_big-lnd

Egypt’s Essam El-Hadary Makes African Cup History

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 18, 2017
pol

Eight Policemen Killed in Attack in Egypt’s New Valley

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 17, 2017
Tiran Island

Egypt High Court Declares Void Transfer of Tiran and Sanafir to Saudi Arabia

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 16, 2017
Top-best-hd-wallpapers-dubai-skyline-hd-wallpapers-imagen-by-balamuda

Egyptians Invest EGP 13 Billion in Dubai Real Estate in 2016

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 15, 2017
A pharmacist searches for medicine at a pharmacy in Cairo, Egypt, November 17, 2016. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany

Medicine Prices in Egypt Increased by up to 20%

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 13, 2017
Egyptian Streets is an independent, young, and grass roots news media organization aimed at providing readers with an alternate depiction of events that occur on Egyptian and Middle Eastern streets, and to establish an engaging social platform for readers to discover and discuss the various issues that impact the region.

© 2016 ES Media UG. All Rights Reserved.