News

Ethiopian Dam Crisis: Agreement Reached Between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan

Ethiopian Dam Crisis: Agreement Reached Between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan

On March 23, 2015, Egypt's President Sisi, Sudan's President Al-Bashir and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Desalegn signed a preliminary deal to end the water crisis.
On March 23, 2015, Egypt’s President Sisi, Sudan’s President Al-Bashir and Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Desalegn signed a preliminary deal to end the water crisis.

Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan have signed an agreement aimed at curbing Egypt’s alarm at the speed of which the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (‘the dam’) is being constructed. The agreement is based on a preliminary agreement that had been reached in March 2015 between the leaders of the three countries in Khartoum, Sudan.

According to Egyptian state media, it was agreed that a French consulting firm would conduct research for a period between eight months and a year.

Ethiopia has also agreed to not fill the dam with any water from the Nile River until some sort of consensus has been reached between the three countries. The agreement also states that regular meetings will be held to solve other disagreements between the three countries and to respond to all Egyptian concerns regarding the filling of the dam with water.

The agreement, which was signed after talks between foreign ministers of the three countries in Khartoum, is obligatory and shows that the three countries hope to solve the issue diplomatically in a way that results in stronger bilateral ties, said an Egyptian Foreign Ministry source to Egyptian Streets.

History of the Ethiopian Dam Crisis

During the ninth meeting of the three countries in Cairo on 8 and 9 November, Egypt denounced the speed of the construction of the dam and the delay of studies into the impacts of the dam.

Egypt’s main concern since the start of construction of the dam in 2011 is its high storage capacity, which reaches 74 billion cubic meters, over fears of affecting its national water security.

As per agreements signed in 1929 and 1959, downstream countries Egypt and Sudan together receive the majority of Nile Water. Egypt annually receives 55.5 billion cubic metres of the estimated total 84 billion cubic meters of Nile water produced each year, while Sudan receives 18.5 billion cubic meters.

Egypt initially condemned the dam’s construction, stating that Ethiopia decided to build the dam without informing other countries that may be impacted.

Currently, approximately 55 percent of the dam has been constructed despite no studies into the dam’s impact. Egypt is not only concerned that the dam will impact Egypt’s water supply, but would also have impacts on the environment and security (for example, in the case of an earthquake or a terror attack). Moreover, Egypt has also expressed worry that the dam would impact the generation of electricity by the Aswan High Dam.

How far Egypt would go to protect its rights in the Nile River remains unclear. However, analysts say international arbitration is far more likely than a military incursion in the case where all diplomatic paths have failed.

Uber Partners with Egypt's Traffic Updates Application Bey2ollak for Smoother Rides
Controversial Egyptian Host Tawfik Okasha Banned from Television, Seeks Asylum in Germany

Subscribe to our newsletter


News

More in News

Mohamed ‘Kesho’ Elsayed Wins Egypt’s Third Medal at Tokyo 2020 Olympics

Egyptian Streets4 August 2021

Egypt Qualifies for Handball Semifinals at 2020 Tokyo Olympics after Defeating Germany

Nadine Khaled3 August 2021

Why Egypt is Moving to Plastic Money

Marina Makary2 August 2021

How to Get a COVID-19 ‘QR Code’ Vaccination Certificate in Egypt

Nadine Khaled1 August 2021

Egypt’s Misses Out on Football Tokyo 2020 Semifinals after Brazil Defeat

Nadine Khaled31 July 2021

Egypt Secures Tokyo 2020 Handball Quarterfinals Spot After Dominant Victory Over Sweden

Egyptian Streets30 July 2021

Egypt Qualifies for Tokyo 2020 Quarterfinals After Defeating Australia 2-0

Egyptian Streets28 July 2021

Amazon to Launch ‘Amazon.eg’ in Egypt in 2021

Egyptian Streets27 July 2021