News

Egypt’s Population Hits 100 Million: CAPMAS

Egypt’s Population Hits 100 Million: CAPMAS

Source: UNFPA Egypt’s website

According to the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS), Egypt’s population has hit the 100 million mark as of Tuesday.

The overwhelming statistic excludes Egyptian nationals living abroad who are estimated to be between 9 and 9.5 million.

Recognizing the growth, Egyptian prime minister Mostafa Madbouly stated that the demographic expansion constituted the country’s largest challenge following a cabinet meeting on Friday as per Egypt Today.

This sentiment had been previously echoed by President Abdel Fatah Al Sisi who asserted that stated that “Terrorism and population growth are the two biggest threats in Egypt’s history” during a session of the Fourth National Youth Conference in 2019.

Despite the alarming growth, the fertility rate in Egypt dropped from 3.5 in 2014, its all-time highest, to 3.1 in 2018 as per the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) Egypt’s study.

Source: UNICEF

Still, Egypt’s massive population is considered a hefty and significant burden on a financial level.

In the upcoming years, Egypt’s growing population will provide additional challenges to its already limited resources, and social stability as well.

A UN study, titled “World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights”, reported that Egypt is expected to see an annual rise of its population until it increases by 60 million by 2050.

Along with India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Tanzania, the United States and the Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt’s population growth will constitute more than half the projected growth of the global population between 2019 and 2050.

Considering Egyptian land is composed of between 85 to 90 percent desert, its considerably increasing population is wedged on the remaining percentage which runs along the shores of the Nile and the Delta.

NASA satellite photograph of the Nile Delta (shown in false color) – Wikipedia

Accordingly, in 2018, the Ministry of Social Solidarity launched an aggressive two-year project called “2 Kefaya (Two [children] is enough)” in order to get curb the number of children in Egypt, particularly in the most populated areas, and to bring down the birth rate to a national average of 2.4.

Many women still choose to have more than two children for many reasons, one of them being due to lack of access to birth control, additional financial support to the families, and the belief that birth control is religious forbidden and is a direct intervention of God’s will.

Al Azhar, Egypt’s top Islamic institution, supported the governmental campaign.

Moreover, the 2019/2020 fiscal year plan included programs aimed at improving family planning and reproductive health services, such as the expansion of the availability of family planning and reproductive health services particularly for slums and rural areas, as well as developing the training curriculum for doctors and nurses.

Contraplan II is an emergency contraceptive widely available in Egyptian pharmacies for approximately 20 EGP (1.2 US$). Source: omnia-health.com

Population growth also poses challenges to employment, as the International Monetary Fund projects a labor force of 80 million by 2028, which can lead to higher unemployment.

Egypt's Aswan Women Film Festival: Blending Creativity With Women's Activism
Who is Egyptian Student and Activist Patrick George?

Subscribe to our newsletter


News

More in News

Egyptian Woman Arrested for Baking ‘Genitalia Cupcakes’ as Controversy Spreads

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 19, 2021

Egypt Announces New Major Discoveries at Saqqara Archaeological Site

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 18, 2021

Egypt Starts With a Victory as Host of the 2021 Handball World Championship

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 14, 2021

Haneen Hossam and Mawada Al Adham Resume Detention Over Human Trafficking Charges

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 14, 2021

Haneen Hossam ‘Not Guilty’ of ‘Violating Family Values’, Mawada Al Adham’s Prison Sentence Overturned

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 12, 2021

Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia Fail to Reach Final Agreement for GERD: Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 11, 2021

108,000+ Egyptians Fined for Not Wearing Face Masks

Noran Alaa MorsiJanuary 9, 2021

What You Need to Know: Egypt’s Vaccine Distribution Plan

Egyptian StreetsJanuary 8, 2021