He had been living in Qatar since his exile in 2013, and was later granted Qatari citizenship. Egyptian courts tried and sentenced Al-Qaradawi to death in absentia by 2015.
Al-Qaradawi was also the chairman of the International Union of Muslim Scholars for 14 years, starting at its establishment in 2004.
Born in Egypt in 1926, Al-Qaradawi spent much of his life in Qatar, where he “became one of the most recognisable and influential Sunni Muslim clerics in the Arab world,” regularly appearing on Qatar’s Al-Jazeera network. He studied at Cairo’s Al-Azhar University, and was often seen as the “moderate […] counterweight” to the radicalized Al-Qaeda, despite espousing violence in favor of his own causes.
Al-Qaradawi joined the Muslim Brotherhood young, and advocated for Islam as a political programme. Since its founding, the Muslim Brotherhood has been considered a threat by Arab leaders accross the region. The Egyptian government has classed the Brotherhood as a terrorist organization, and continues to fight its innocuous local ideologies.