News

Muslim Brotherhood’s Jordanian Branch Cuts Ties With Egypt Parent Group

Muslim Brotherhood’s Jordanian Branch Cuts Ties With Egypt Parent Group

Screen Shot 2016-02-16 at 2.24.03 PM

Jordan’s branch of the Muslim Brotherhood has formally ended its affiliation with its Egypt-based parent organization, spokesman Murad Adaileh said Monday.

The Jordanian branch’s decision-making body, or Shura Council, decided late last week to make amendments to its bylaws, removing “affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood in Cairo” from the movement’s definition.

The change was first proposed three years ago and has, according to Adaileh, since then been under discussion within the ranks of the organization. He denies claims that the amendments came in response to the state of crisis that the movement currently finds itself in, reflected in the hundreds of members who have defected since last year.

Another spokesman, Moath Khawaldeh, said that the recent move is part of a reform effort ahead of internal elections within the organization, which are due to take place next month. In that light, improving the domestic image of the group has become a high priority as the rhetoric of leaders and the media at the regional level has in recent years become increasingly hostile towards it.

The decision comes amid increasing setbacks for the wider Muslim Brotherhood, which was once considered the primary political beneficiary of the Arab revolutions that swept the Middle East in 2011, but has since 2013 suffered greatly from harsh government crackdowns – particularly in Egypt.

The most recent crisis of the Muslim Brotherhood-Jordan began when a group of reformist Brothers headed by Abdul Majid Thneibat re-registered the group as a Jordanian “society,” cutting ties with the Egyptian parent organization.

The original movement saw more than 400 defections late 2015, many of whom joined three splinter groups – Thneibat’s Muslim Brotherhood Society, the Zamzam Initiative and the Partnership and Rescue Committee.

According to Jordanian analyst Ibrahim Gharaibeh, the original core group – represented politically by the Islamic Action Front – realized that the Egyptian parent organization had come to be seen as an increasing liability, raising concerns about the Jordanian branch’s ability to mobilize political support in the kingdom. This ultimately led to the decision to sever relations with the Egyptian parent movement.

The three breakaway groups have taken a pragmatic position domestically, a contrast to the more hawkish attitude of the core Brotherhood movement. The main sticking points were related to whether or not to participate in political elections in Jordan and the character of relations with the Egyptian parent organization and the Gaza-based Hamas movement, which is the Brotherhood branch in Palestine.

Rheil Gharaibeh, former Brotherhood leader and founder of the Zamzam Initiative – a moderate group with a national platform – claims that one of the main reasons for the internal polarization within the Brotherhood movement had to do with its affiliation to the Egyptian mother group.

“We called for this change three years ago but our request was rejected,” he told Jordan Times. “It is too late for this modification,” he added, arguing that the current Brotherhood leaders are “trying to rescue what they can” of a decaying organization.

The Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan was licensed in 1946 as a charity organization and relicensed in 1952 as an Islamic society.

Although historically operating as a loyal opposition to the palace and having a significant domestic support base, the movement has in recent years faced difficulties amid the growing instability in the region, which has dampened domestic appetite for political protests.

The recent internal splits and public disinterest in protests have come against the background of several Arab countries, including Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, declaring the Muslim Brotherhood to be a terrorist organization.

Egypt's Doctors' Syndicate Notifies Interior Ministry of Nationwide Hospital Protests
Egyptian Pound Weakens to 9 Against Dollar on Black Market

Subscribe to our newsletter


News
@SamirShalabi_

Samir Shalabi is an MA student in Middle East Studies at Stockholm University, Sweden. With a BA in the same subject he primarily writes on Egyptian and Syrian politics and history. Follow Samir on Twitter @SamirShalabi_

More in News

Egypt’s Christians Live in Good Conditions, Freely Exercise Rituals: Angela Merkel

Egyptian StreetsFebruary 27, 2017

Egypt Parliament Rejects Calls to Abolish Death Penalty

Egyptian StreetsFebruary 27, 2017

Moonlight’s Mahershala Ali Becomes First Muslim Actor Ever to Win an Oscar

Aya NaderFebruary 27, 2017

Egyptian MP Files Motion to Extend Presidential Terms from 4 to 6 Years

Egyptian StreetsFebruary 26, 2017

700 Sentenced to Year in Prison in ‘Rabaa Dispersal’ Case for ‘Insulting Judicial System’

Egyptian StreetsFebruary 26, 2017

British Foreign Minister Visits Egypt Amid Calls to Shed Light on Human Rights Situation

Seif GhallabFebruary 25, 2017

More than 300 Coptic Christians Flee Egypt’s North Sinai

Egyptian StreetsFebruary 25, 2017

Tourists Visiting Egypt Face Increased Visa Fees

Egyptian StreetsFebruary 25, 2017
Egyptian Streets is an independent, young, and grass roots news media organization aimed at providing readers with an alternate depiction of events that occur on Egyptian and Middle Eastern streets, and to establish an engaging social platform for readers to discover and discuss the various issues that impact the region.

© 2017 ES Media UG. All Rights Reserved.